[Solved] Given two integer arrays preorder and inorder where preorder is the preorder traversal of a binary tree and inorder is the inorder traversal of the same tree, construct and return the binary tree.

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Table of Contents

Question

Given two integer arrays preorder and inorder where preorder is the preorder traversal of a binary tree and inorder is the inorder traversal of the same tree, construct and return the binary tree.

Example 1:

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Input: preorder = [3,9,20,15,7], inorder = [9,3,15,20,7]
Output: [3,9,20,null,null,15,7]

Example 2:

Input: preorder = [-1], inorder = [-1]
Output: [-1]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= preorder.length <= 3000
  • inorder.length == preorder.length
  • -3000 <= preorder[i], inorder[i] <= 3000
  • preorder and inorder consist of unique values.
  • Each value of inorder also appears in preorder.
  • preorder is guaranteed to be the preorder traversal of the tree.
  • inorder is guaranteed to be the inorder traversal of the tree.

Python Solution

# Definition for a binary tree node.
# class TreeNode:
#     def __init__(self, val=0, left=None, right=None):
#         self.val = val
#         self.left = left
#         self.right = right
class Solution:
    def buildTree(self, preorder: List[int], inorder: List[int]) -> TreeNode:
        if inorder:
            x = preorder.pop(0)
            ind = inorder.index(x)
            root = TreeNode(x)
            root.left = self.buildTree(preorder,inorder[:ind])
            root.right = self.buildTree(preorder,inorder[ind+1:])
            return root

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