[Solved] You are given an integer array nums with no duplicates. A maximum binary tree can be built recursively from nums using the following algorithm: Create a root node whose value is the maximum value in nums.

Question

You are given an integer array nums with no duplicates. A maximum binary tree can be built recursively from nums using the following algorithm:

  1. Create a root node whose value is the maximum value in nums.
  2. Recursively build the left subtree on the subarray prefix to the left of the maximum value.
  3. Recursively build the right subtree on the subarray suffix to the right of the maximum value.

Return the maximum binary tree built from nums.

Example 1:

tree1
Input: nums = [3,2,1,6,0,5]
Output: [6,3,5,null,2,0,null,null,1]
Explanation: The recursive calls are as follow:
- The largest value in [3,2,1,6,0,5] is 6. Left prefix is [3,2,1] and right suffix is [0,5].
    - The largest value in [3,2,1] is 3. Left prefix is [] and right suffix is [2,1].
        - Empty array, so no child.
        - The largest value in [2,1] is 2. Left prefix is [] and right suffix is [1].
            - Empty array, so no child.
            - Only one element, so child is a node with value 1.
    - The largest value in [0,5] is 5. Left prefix is [0] and right suffix is [].
        - Only one element, so child is a node with value 0.
        - Empty array, so no child.

Example 2:

tree2
Input: nums = [3,2,1]
Output: [3,null,2,null,1]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 1000
  • 0 <= nums[i] <= 1000
  • All integers in nums are unique.

Python Solution

# Definition for a binary tree node.
# class TreeNode:
#     def __init__(self, val=0, left=None, right=None):
#         self.val = val
#         self.left = left
#         self.right = right
class Solution:
    def constructMaximumBinaryTree(self, nums: List[int]) -> TreeNode:
        stack = []
        for num in nums:
            x = TreeNode(num)
            while stack and stack[-1].val<num:
                x.left = stack.pop()
            if stack:
                stack[-1].right = x
                
            stack.append(x)
        return stack[0]
Abhishek Sharma
Abhishek Sharma

Started my Data Science journey in my 2nd year of college and since then continuously into it because of the magical powers of ML and continuously doing projects in almost every domain of AI like ML, DL, CV, NLP.

Articles: 520

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